Di bawah ini adalah Tips dan Trik Mengerjakan Soal-Soal Ujian TOEIC dan TOEFL. Tips dan Trik Mengerjakan TOEIC dan TOEFL ini merupakan awal dari sukses dalam Mengerjakan Soal TOEIC dan TOEFL. Bagi para pemula yang akan mencoba berlatih mengerjakan Soal TOEIC dan TOEFL alangkah baiknya untuk membaca Tips dan Trik cara mengerjakan TOEIC dan TOEFL. HOW TO ANALYZE PICTURES IN DOING TOEIC 1. ASSUMPTIONS You may have to make assumptions when you listen to the TOEIC test. These assumptions will be based on what you can infer in the picture. You will lave to determine which of the four statements you hear is true or might be true. One statement (answer choice) will be true or will most likely be true. That choice will be the correct answer. Example; This is laboratory The people are wearing protective clothing. There are bottles on the shelves There are at least four people in the lab. 2. PEOPLE You may have to identify the people in a picture. You may identify them by number, gender, location, description, activity, or occupation. Strategy: Remember, statements must be completely true. Be careful about statements that are partly true, but not totally true. Analyze the picture carefully. Pay attention to the number, gender, or occupation of the people in the picture. 3. THINGS You may have to identify things in pictures. When you look at a picture, try to name everything you see. On the TOEIC, you will NOT have to know words, expressions, or idioms that are specific to one particular occupation. For example, in a picture of a man working in a plastics factory, you should know the general word machine. You do not have to know the occupation-specific term extruder. 4. ACTIONS You may have to identify the actions in a picture. When you look at a picture, analyze the time sequence of the actions. This will help you understand what is happening now. 5. GENERAL LOCATIONS You may have to identify the general location of a picture. When you look at a picture, analyze the clue to determine a location. If you see a car, a mechanic, some tools, and a customer in a picture, you can assume the location is an automobile repair shop. If you see men and women working at desks with computers, you can assume the location is an office. A picture is full of clues to help you identify the general location. 6. SPECIFIC LOCATIONS You may have to identify the specific locations of people and things in a picture. When you look at a picture, analyze the relationship of the people and things. Prepositions and Phrases of Location above, across, around, at, below, beneath, beside, between, by, close, to, far, from ,in, in back of, in front of, inside, near, next to, on, on top of, outside, over, to the left of, to the right of, under, underneath Strategy for Analyzing Pictures Ø When you look at a picture, analyze the people. Determine their number, gender, location, and occupation. Ø Look for context clues in the picture. Ø Listen for the meaning of the whole sentence to determine which choice best matches the picture. 7. SIMILAR SOUNDS On the TOEIC, you may have to distinguish between words similar sounds. When you hear the answer choices, pay attention to the meaning!. There will be context clues that help you understand the meaning. Do not be confused by words with similar sounds. Here are examples of similar sounds: Different Vowel Sounds bass;base, boots;boats, bus;boss, car;core, cart;court, drug;drag, deep;dip, fall;full, fun;phone, gun;gone, grass;grease, letter;later Different Initial Consonant Sounds back;pack;rack, core;tore;sore, race;case;place, hair;fair;tear Different Final Consonant Sounds cab;cap, little;litter, nab;nap, think;thing Two or More Words That Sound Like One Word mark it;market, sent her;center, letter;let her, I scream;ice cream Words That Have Sounds That Are Part of a Longer Word nation;imagination, mind;remind, give;forgive, intention;unintentional 8. RELATED WORDS On the TOEIC, you may have to distinguish between related words. When you hear the answer choices, pay attention to the meaning!. Be careful of words from the same word family or words with associated meanings. Sometimes there related words may not be written down or spoken. They may be suggested by the picture. For example, a picture of someone putting on snow skis may make you think of the related word mountain, even if a mountain is not in the picture. SUMMARY The photo provides the context for the meaning of a word. Make sure the meaning of the word in the photo matches the meaning of the word in the statement, question, and answer choices. Answer options that contain related words are generally incorrect. Do not be confused by related words. Taken from How To Prepare for the TOECT Test Demikian sedikit Tips dan Trik Mengerjakan Soal-Soal Ujian TOEIC dan TOEFL. Tips dan Trik Mengerjakan TOEIC dan TOEFL ini merupakan awal dari sukses dalam Mengerjakan Soal TOEIC dan TOEFL. Bagi para pemula yang akan mencoba berlatih mengerjakan Soal TOEIC dan TOEFL alangkah baiknya untuk membaca Tips dan Trik cara mengerjakan TOEIC dan TOEFL. Maturnuwun and Sukses Source: http://muhamadalisaifudin.blogspot.com/2009/10/cara-mudah-mengerjakan-toeic.html


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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLPj2h0N3bU



Many of the things I learned as an interpreter are equally useful in advertising.

One such lesson is the importance of ‘back translation’ – a validation test where someone else translates your translation back into the original language.

This re-translation is the true measure of success, because it shows how well the intended message has survived communication.

Here’s an example:

Original English:

Some Japanese women believe that fairness
is more important than intelligence.

Italian translation:

Alcune donne giapponesi credono che la pelle chiara
sia più importante dell’intelligenza.

The ‘back translation’ – converting that Italian translation back into English:

Some Japanese women believe that pale skin
is more important than intelligence.

However, in the original, “fairness” refers to being evenhanded, not to skin pigmentation.

Looking back at that original, it’s easy to see how this misunderstanding occurred.

But if you only saw the Italian translation, you wouldn’t have the benefit of that context.

You’d only see this contentious statement, which could easily cause offense.

And therein lies the lesson: when it comes to communication, subtle nuances can have a significant impact.
Brand interpreters

Advertisers must navigate such nuances every day, because audiences only see translations.

They never see the beautifully crafted PowerPoint slides.

They never hear the eloquent strategic rationale.

They only ever see the ads.

And if they can’t translate the messages in those ads back to what we intended to share, we’ve failed.

So how do we mitigate the dangers of nuance?
From lesson to learning

During a particularly tough back-translation test, a colleague shared some invaluable advice:




It’s amazing how such a simple change can make a world of difference.


Adopted from:

Eskimon



I used to ponder myself with this question: what are the differences among The United Kingdom, Britain, Great Britain, England and Ireland? While the last two may be easily distinguished as separated entity, the rests are bit confusing to an average non-British like me.

Britain is usually a term used to refer United Kingdom and Great Britain, and if the word Britain can be use for both, why do we often heard people refer “the British islands” as United Kingdom and sometimes Great Britain? Are there any differences? Hmm, actually it is. United Kingdom is not the same as the Great Britain.

So what does United Kingdom mean? I’ve put in my wild guess that “United Kingdom” means the “united kingdom” of England and Ireland, since they occasionally had the same king but are different countries. To prove it, I’ve dig up some references, I found out that the full name of United Kingdom is “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, yeah, am I right!? bzztt.. damn, I was partly right, Ireland wasn't part of the “United Kingdom”, Ireland has its own government and sovereignty even with an elected female president. Only 1/6 of the Ireland is part of United Kingdom.

So United Kingdom consists of England and part of Ireland, but uh-oh not quite, the term Great Britain does not refer only to England, but also Scotland… yeah, grab Braveheart DVD and you’ll understand. Uh oh not quite, Great Britain also includes Wales!

To summarise it,

United Kingdom = England + Scotland + Wales + Northern Ireland
= (Great Britain) + Northern Ireland

Union Jack

The source of confusion often lead by media that always refer “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island” as just Britain, and of course the sports event, where we can see that United Kingdom “isn’t so united” at all, when the participants of Northern Ireland would compete under the flag the Republic of Ireland instead of under the UK flag, and of course the usual England vs Scotland stuff, and even where there’s a reference to Great Britain in sports even, Scotland often competes independently.

Adopted from:

blog.mypapit.net



Kita juga bisa belajar bahasa Inggris melalui lagu-lagu walaupun tidak semua lagu berbahasa Inggris yang mempunyai tata bahasa Inggris yang baik tapi dari situ kita juga mampu belajar dengan mengoreksinya. Kita paham mengapa lirik lagu dalam bahasa Inggris tidak banyak yang betul karena tentunya berhubungan dengan notasi yang dikomposisi sang penggubah...Cieee...sok tahu banget ya? ..:)

By the way, Salah Yang saya rekomendasikan di sini adalah salah satu favorite saya. Lagu ini dibawakan oleh Whitney Houston dan sebelumnya juga pernah dibawakan oleh George Benson. Kenapa lagu ini? Simak liriknya! Ada banyak hal yang 'menggugah'dan nilai-nilai yang baik menurut saya. Cekidot! :)



I believe the children are our future
Teach them well and let them lead the way
Show them all the beauty they possess inside
Give them a sense of pride to make it easier
Let the children's laughter remind us how we used to be
Everybody searching for a hero
People need someone to look up to
I never found anyone who fulfill my needs
A lonely place to be
So I learned to depend on me

Chorus:
I decided long ago, never to walk in anyone's shadows
If I fail, if I succeed
At least I'll live as I believe
No matter what they take from me
They can't take away my dignity
Because the greatest love of all
Is happening to me
I found the greatest love of all
Inside of me
The greatest love of all
Is easy to achieve
Learning to love yourself
It is the greatest love of all

I believe the children are our future
Teach them well and let them lead the way
Show them all the beauty they possess inside
Give them a sense of pride to make it easier
Let the children's laughter remind us how we used to be

Chorus

And if by chance, that special place
That you've been dreaming of
Leads you to a lonely place
Find your strength in love





Conditional sentences hanya bisa dengan mudah dipahami bila Anda telah menguasai Tenses yang telah kami posting sebelumnya.

Conditional Sentences(Kalimat Pengandaian) menjelaskan bahwa sebuah kegiatan bertentangan dengan kegiatan yang lain. Conditional yang paling umum adalah Real Conditonal dan Unreal Conditonal, kadang-kadang disebut juga if-clauses.

Real Conditional (sering juga disebut juga dengan Conditional Tipe I) yang menggambarkan tentang mengandai-andai sesuai dengan fakta.

Unreal Conditional (sering juga disebut sebagai Conditional Tipe II) yang menggambarkan tentang pengandaian yang tidak nyata atau berimajinasi.

Ada juga Conditional yang ke-3 yang sering disebut dengan Conditional Tipe III, digunakan sebagai penyesalan yang terjadi di masa lampau dan zero conditional, digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang sudah pasti benar.

Catatan: Jika klausa "if" diletakkan di awal kalimat, kita harus menggunakan koma (,). Sebaliknya jika klausa "if" berada di belakang, maka tidak perlu ada koma

Zero Conditional

Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan kebenaran umum. Tense yang digunakan biasanya Present Simple Tense

Conditional I

Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan pengandaian yang dibuat berdasarkan fakta di masa sekarang atau masa yang akan datang dan pengandaian ini bisa saja terjadi. Klausa 'if' biasanya dalam bentuk Present Simple Tense.

Contoh:

If you come on time, You will find me there.

Kalimat ini mengindikasikan kemungkinan untuk bertemu dengan saya sangat mungkin karena syarat-syaratnya ada/bisa dipenuhi.

Kita sering menggunakan unless yang artinya 'jika... tidak

I won't mark your homework,unless you hand it in.

Conditional Tipe II

Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan situasi yang tidak nyata di masa sekarang atau masa yang akan datang. Tipe ini digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sebuah harapan. Tenses yang digunakan dalam klausa IF adalah Past Simple Tense.

Contoh:

If I won the lottery,I would buy a new house.

Di sini, kemungkinannya masih 50:50.

Conditional Tipe III

Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sebuah kondisi di masa yang lampau yang tidak mungkin akan terjadi lagi. Sering digunakan untuk mengkritik atau penyesalan. Tenses yang digunakan dalam Klausa IF adalah Past Perfect Tense.

Contoh:

If I had worked harder,I would have passed my exam.

Sayangnya, saya kurang maksimal berusaha sehingga saya tidak berhasil lulus.